2017-18 Sentara Orthopedics Annual Report

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Glossary of Terms

We have provided this glossary for those readers who may not be familiar with some of the medical terms used in this annual report.

ACL (anterior cruciate ligament): The ligament in the knee that joins the upper leg bone and the lower leg bone

Anterior: Refers to the front

Anterior approach hip replacement (also see Jiffy Hip*): Minimally invasive hip replacement surgery using a frontal (anterior) approach

Arthroplasty: A surgical procedure that restores joint function

Arthroscopic (surgery): A minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat joint problems

Cupron antimicrobial technology: Copper-infused patient linens, thought to reduce infections and the need for antibiotics

DVT (deep vein thrombosis): A clot that lodges in a blood vessel

Embolism: Blood clot that becomes lodged in a blood vessel and blocks it

Fellowship: Advanced medical training

Glenoid: The part of the shoulder where the shoulder blade (scapula) connects to the upper arm bone (humerus)

Holistic care: An approach to wellness that accounts for the physical, emotional and psychological needs of a patient

Hypotension: Low blood pressure

Incision: A cut made in order to perform surgery

Intramedullary: Referring to the inside of a bone

Jiffy Hip* (also see anterior approach hip replacement): Minimally invasive hip replacement surgery using a frontal (anterior) approach.

MAKOplasty®: Robot-assisted technology for partial knee and total hip replacement surgeries

Minimally invasive: Refers to a surgical procedure that only requires a small incision

MRSA (methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus): A strain of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that is difficult to treat and can affect many parts of the body

Multi-modal analgesia: Incorporating different pain control techniques to more effectively manage pain, with fewer side effects

Musculoskeletal (MSK) radiologist: A doctor who specializes in the imaging and diagnosis of problems relating to muscles, bones and joints

NAVIO®: Robot-assisted tool for partial knee replacement

Orthopedics: The branch of medicine dealing with the skeletal system

Osteoarthritis: Joint stiffness and joint pain caused by loss of cartilage over time

Patient Navigator: Specially trained orthopedic nurse that provides guidance and education for orthopedic patients and their families

PE: Pulmonary embolism, when a blood clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs

Perioperative pain control: Pain management before, during and after surgery

Periosteum: Specialized connective tissue that covers all bones

Posterior: Refers to the rear

Prophylaxis: A preventive treatment

Quadriceps: The four muscles that cover the front of the thigh

Regional anesthesia: A type of anesthesia administered to only part of the body

RN: Registered nurse

Subchondroplasty: A joint-preserving surgical procedure for chronic knee pain

Subscapularis: The triangular muscle that extends from the shoulder to the upper arm

Subspecialty: A highly specific area of expertise

VTE: Venous thromboembolism is the formation of blood clots in the vein including DVT and PE